Tesla Model X Buyers Guide

Last updated 18-Sep-2022

The Model X was the second mass produced car from Tesla and has been in production since 2016. Util the 2021 major update there were few significant changes to the car. They were largely limited to increases in battery size, the MCU update and tweaks to the motors.

Why the Model X?

Tesla Worldwide Inventory Search

You're probably here because you're interested in the Model X, in which case only the Model Y is possible consideration if you want 7 seat capability or the Model S if you want luxury. The Model Y for passengers is relatively close to the Model X although the seats are not as good , especially in 6 seat configuration. The main difference however is the storage space is greater with the Model X, especially in 5 seater form. We've created a video to run through some of the changes. The Model S shares the same platform and has plenty of room for 5 adults, but the previous 2 jump seats in the rear have been dropped and even when theyu existed the rear facing nature of them and lack of ventilation made them only suitable for small people and short trips. There's just something about the Model X that makes it fairly unique.

You may also want to see what you can get for your money across the Tesla range and our Tesla Worldwide Inventory Search enables you to do just that, listing both new and used cars, and those sold by Tesla and through 3rd parties. We believe this is the only resource in the world that does this.


It's quite frustrating that new Model Xs are not available in the majority of the world. US, Canada and Mexico deliveries are now all starting and while custom orders do result in a wait, new inventory cars are starting top appear if you are flexible over colour. Car's like the e-tron, EQC and iPace are all smaller and as first generation cars for their makes are all somewhat compromised. The new BMW iX, if you can get past it's looks, is the only real contender in this price bracket for comfort and luxury although it is only a 5 seater and some feel BMW have not maximised the interior space. Like the Model S, we suspect the lack of supply in other countries is making people look elsewhere, and the older Model X is starting to feel it's age against the iX in drive and technology. The 2021 update was fairly big focusing on the interior and changes to the drivetrain, although the chassis is still the same and overall we were a little disappointed. Build quality and software issues also seem to plague the early cars. It's a shame Tesla have opened the door to looking at the competition as they had a captive market of owners looking to simply get the latest version of their existing Model X which they can not easily do.

Model X naming convention

Tesla have adopted two basic naming conventions over the years for the model variants. The older system used a combination of letters and numbers:

The later convention is to simply quote range e.g. Standard Range (equivalent to the 75D), Long Range (100D) or Performance (P100D), although more typically they use "Dual Motor" for the long range and "Dual Motor" for the performance (note the underline). All Model X under this naming convention are all wheel drive.

Significant changes

There have been few significant changes to the Model X since its launch. Tesla do make many smaller changes all the time with the the changes to the Model X documented here.

All cars come with autopilot hardware with all but the very earliest cars using the Tesla system. More details on Autopilot are below.

The Model X had a lot of running model changes to address design issues over the life of the car, but relatively few significant ones.

The first major change was the update to the MCU in 2018. The new MCU was significantly quicker in operation and unlocked some capabilities such as sentry mode and dashcam, although these features also improved with the advances in autopilot hardware.

The only other significant change before 2021 was the Raven model with new suspension and different motors. This happened in 2019. Tesla have also made tweaks to battery and motors and the Long Range became the Long Range+ but essentially it was the same car with just some performance tweaks.

In 2021 Tesla performed a significant interior update with other changes such as tri-motors with the introduction of the Plaid model. This model is still yet to be released and current expectations are late 2021 in the US and 2022 in the rest of the world.

New or used?

If looking at used, we'd suggest avoiding the earliest Model X cars especially with the smallest batteries as the range is quite limited and chose a Model Y in comparison, unless you need the 6 or 7 adult seat configuration. With the new Model X now in production, we suspect those countries that have access to new cars will start to see some depreciation of the used market which is very high at the moment.

The 2021 updated Model X has now started to roll off the production line for the US and proably Canada shortly behind. Given the strong residuals of used Model X we suspect it will be worth trying to get a new car if you can. Inventory cars of the MS 2021 do appear especially around quarter end so it may be worth keeping an eye on our inventory pages for when they are listed.

Battery size and range

After determining the model of car, the battery capacity and therefore range is the next main consideration (accepting exterior and interior colour is personal choice). Tesla have offered a 60, 75 and 90 battery and later a 75 and 100 kwh battery, before finally dropping the 75 battery altogether. The 75 battery has a relatively short range especially in winter so in cold climates or for anybody who expects to travel more than 150 miles in a day, we would recommend looking at the 100/long range battery. We would definitely avoid the 60kwh battery.

The actual range is subject to a lot of factors including temperature and the type of roads you are driving on. Faster driving, especially in the Model X reduces range quickly and the larger cabin can require more energy to heat in colder weather. You are also unlikely to want to start from 100% and end on 0% and therefore the working range is approximately 80% of the theoretical full range. Taking these factors into consideration, and adjusting for real world experiences, we have worked out the approximate summer range (temperatures above 15 deg C) and winter range (temperatures below 3 deg C but about -5 deg C) for the most common models to be:

Summer 80%
Winter 80%
Standard range/75D on 20"
230 miles
185 miles
190 miles
150 miles
Long Range/100D on 20"
300 miles
240 miles
240 miles
190 miles
Performance/P100D on 22"
280 miles
220 miles
220 miles
175 miles

Model years and Performance

There have been a number of variants of the Model X with a variety of batteries each with different range and performance figure. Tesla use a hidden model iteration code to denote the differences.

For each variant we have listed the predominant years the cars were being sold. Occasionally Tesla have unsold models which they first register alongside newer models, we have ignored these when this is obvious. Some model codes may only be available in some parts of the world. The specifications include the different testing regulations in place at the time they were tested. The most realistic measure of range is the EPA figure which reflects moderately paced driving in summer.

Model Code & Factory
Years Sold
MT60A Fremont
BTX5 (SW locked)
2016 - Early 2017
- Miles/355km WLTP
0-100km/h 6.2s
MT75A Fremont
2016 - 2018
237 Miles/382km EPA,259 Miles/417km NEDC
0-60 mph 6s, 0-100km/h 6.3s
130mph, 209km/h
Std Range
MTX01 Fremont
255 Miles/410km EPA,- Miles/375km WLTP
0-60 mph 4.6s, 0-100km/h 4.8s
MT90A Fremont
2015 - 2017
257 Miles/414km EPA, 304 Miles/489km NEDC
0-60 mph 4.9s, 0-100km/h 5s
155mph, 249km/h
MT90P Fremont
2015 - 2016
250 Miles/-km EPA, - Miles/467km WLTP
0-60 mph 3.7s,0-100km/h 3.9s
155mph, 249km/h
MT90L Fremont
2015 - 2016
250 Miles/-km EPA, - Miles/467km WLTP
0-60 mph 3s, 0-100km/h 3.2s
155mph, 249km/h
MT10A Fremont
2017 - Early 2019
295 Miles/475km EPA, - Miles/565km WLTP, 351 Miles/565km NEDC
0-60 mph 4.7s, 0-100km/h 4.9s
155mph, 249km/h
Long Range
MTX03 Fremont
2019 - 2020
328 Miles/528km EPA, - Miles/507km WLTP
0-60 mph 4.4s, 0-100km/h 4.6s
Long Range/+
MTX05 Fremont
351 Miles/564km EPA, 314 Miles/507km WLTP
0-60 mph 4.4s, 0-100km/h 4.6s
155mph, 250km/h
Long Range+
MTX07 Fremont
2020-early 2021
371 Miles/487km EPA, - Miles/561km WLTP
0-60 mph 4.4s, 0-100km/h 4.6s
155mph, 250km/h
Long Range
MTX13 Fremont
332 Miles/--km EPA
0-60 mph 3.8s
MT10L Fremont
Late 2016 - Early 2019
289 Miles/465km EPA, 337 Miles/542km NEDC
0-60 mph 2.8s, 0-100km/h 3s
155mph, 249km/h
MTX04 Fremont
2019 - 2020
272 Miles/-km EPA, 301 Miles/487km WLTP
0-60 mph 2.6s, 0-100km/h 2.8s
163mph, 261km/h
MTX06 Fremont
305 Miles/-km EPA, 301 Miles/487km WLTP
0-60 mph 2.6s, 0-100km/h 2.8s
163mph, 261km/h
MTX08 Fremont
300 Miles/-km EPA, - Miles/548km WLTP
0-60 mph 2.6s, 0-100km/h 2.8s
163mph, 261km/h
MTX14 Fremont
311 Miles/-km EPA
0-60 mph 2.5s


Except for very early Model X cars, all cars come with the Tesla system.

The level of autopilot features (assuming using Tesla hardware) is linked more to the software option chosen and less the hardware.

When looking at used cars, if you want Full Self driving capability it may be better value to find a car with that level of option already purchased as used prices do not reflect the purchase price of the option. However, if you find an otherwise perfect car at the right price it may be an option to pay for the upgrade after purchase.

There is a simple visual way to tell if the car has the Tesla Autopilot system or not and that is looking at the side repeaters on the front wing. If they have a camera built in they use the Tesla system, if they just show a Tesla logo, they are the older system.

If you have access to the car, or the seller has provided suitable screenshots then you can also refer to our guide to what options and hardware a Tesla has fitted..

Options and upgrades

From when the model S was launched up until around 2018 there many options available on the Model S. Some of these options became standard fit over time, others were dropped all together. We highlight the main ones:

What features does the car have?

To find out autopilot hardware, premium audio, cold weather pack etc, you need access to the car and follow this guide to find out what hardware versions a Tesla has. Many dealers are now including the required pictures in their adverts and those that do, clearly understand the cars.

Free Supercharging

The Model X came with free unlimited supercharging for the life of the car until April 2017, at which point only the first owner og a car had free supercharging and eventually the benefit being dropped altogether for new registrations.

Matters changed again in July 2019 where cars which previously had supercharging for the life of the car have had the free supercharging benefit revoked when passing through Tesla's hands, ie taken in as part exchange, or returned at the end of a finance agreement, even if Tesla then sell the car into the trade. A private sale not going through Tesla at any stage would retain free supercharging. You now need to check the details of any used car carefully to understand it's history of ownership, even if transiently by Tesla, to know whether the free supercharging has been retained or whether it has been revoked. We provide a detailed FAQ on this.

Key issues

Below is what appears to be a lot of potential issues with the cars. Owners of cars, especially as they get older or reach higher miles should expect the need to perform routine maintenance or have to fix some common failures. Tesla parts can be expensive, but increasingly third part solutions are cropping up to solve the problem more cost effectively.


Model X cars come with 2 manufacturer warranties.

One covers the battery and motor and was originally for 8 years and unlimited miles, changing at the beginning of 2020 to be a mileage limited warranty. The original warranty had no performance guarantee as was effectively a failure warranty, whereas the replacement warranty for cars from 2020 offered a maximum degradation threshold.

The second warranty is the general car warranty for everything else. This lasts for 4 years or 50k miles, which comes sooner.

Tesla also offered a used car warranty of 4 years, 50k miles warranty or 2 years up to 100k miles in total depending on whether the car was under or over 50k miles. Some used cars may still have the some of this warranty remaining. For more recent purchases Tesla have changed the their used car warranty top one extra year after the current warranty expires.

What would we buy used?

We feel the pick of the range is the 100D or later Long Range and with either the 6 or 7 seat configuration. The 90D appears to only be 10% smaller capacity but in practice is 15% smaller, and as you are unlikely to work the battery below 10% or above 90%, the extra capacity translates to a benefit of 20-25% more working range.

While the P/Performance models have extra power and accelerate faster, in such a large car and given the capabilities of the non-performance version, coupled with the drive shaft issues, it doesn't seem worthwhile. The price premium of the MX Plaid over the Long Range would also having us buy the Long Range, although some have argued the MX Plaid is better value than the MS Plaid.

Given high used residuals, if you can buy a new MX Long Range, then we would over a used car. If you can't, then we would be tempted to wait or look at the Model Y as the price for a half decent used Model X appears unsustainably high.

You check the whole market and compare prices between models on our Inventory listings.

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